Jawaab kusocota hadhwanaag: Taariikhda Magaalada Saylac iyo Beeshii Asal ahaan degi jirtay

Jawaab kusocota hadhwanaag: Taariikhda Magaalada Saylac iyo Beeshii Asal ahaan degi jirtay

LAHAANSHA IYO TAARIIKHDA ZEILAC: JAWAAB KU SOCOTA CALI CABDI COOMEY IYO HADHWANAAGNEWS

Waxan jawaabtan u dirayaa Cali Cabdi Coomey, warqaddiisa ah ” taariikhda zeilac.,” Ee Kusoo baxday Shabakada Hadhwanaag 9 Jan-Halkan Riix

Cali wuxuu sheegtay nin Suxufi ah, saxaafaddana beentu waa ka xaaran, waxanay hubinna ma qoraan.

Ninkan waa qofkii kowaad ee sheega heshiis Ingiriis iyo Ciise ay ku wada galeen Magaalada Zeilac. Caliyow sidaa dhibta yar loogama been sheegp taariikda taalla meel kasta ee shalay ahayd. Heshiiska Zeilac lagu kala saxeexday waa kii ugu caansanaa uguna horreeyay ee lagu kala saxeexdo Somaliland Protectorate. waxaanu dhex maray Odayadii Gadabursi oo uu hoggaaminayay Ugas Elmi warfa. waxay Taariikhdiisuna ahayd December 11, 1884. Qdobadii iyo magacdii odayaashuna waa sidan:

The Gadabursi Treaty

Concluded with the British authority, in December 11, 1884

We, the undersigned Elders of the Gadabursi tribe, are desirous of entry into an agreement with the British Government for the maintenance of our independence, the preservation of the order, and other good and sufficient reasons.

Now it is hereby agreed and covenanted as follows:

Article I – The Gadabursi tribe do hereby declare that they are pledged and found never to cede, sell, mortgage or otherwise give for occupation, save to the British government, any portion of the territory presently inhabited by them or being under their control.

Article II – All vessels under the British flag shall have free permission to trade all ports and places in the territories of the Gadabursi tribe.

Article III – All British subjects, residing in, or visiting, the territories of the Gadabursi tribe, shall enjoy perfect safety and protection and shall be titled to travel all over the said limits under the safe conduct of the elders of the tribe.

Article IV – The traffic in slaves throughout the territories of the Gadabursi tribe shall cease forever and the Commander of Her Majesty’s vessels, or any other British Officer duly authorised, shall have the power requiring the surrender of any slave, and of supporting the demand by force of arms by land and sea.

Article V – The British Government shall have the power to appoint an agent or agents to reside in the territories of the Gadabursi tribe, and every such agent shall be treated with respect and consideration and be entitled to have for his protection such guard as the British Government deem sufficient.

The above written treaty shall come into force and have effect from the date of signing this agreement.

In token of the conclusion of this lawful and honourable bond, Iama Roblay, Mohamed Ali Balol, Ilmee Warfah (Ughaz’ son), Rogay Khairi, Waberi Idlay, Roblay, Warfah, Doaly Dilbad, Amir Egal, Gaylay Shirwah, Warfah Roblay, Yunus Boh and Major Frederick Mercer Hunter, the former for themselves, their heirs and successors, and the latter on behalf of the British Government, do each and all in the presence of witnesses affix their signatures, marks, or seals at Zaila on the eleventh day of December one thousand eight hundred and eighty-four, corresponding with the twenty-fifth of Safar one thousand three hundred and two.

(Signed) F. M. Hunter, Major, Bombay Staff Corps Signed in presence: (Signed) Percy Downes, First Grade Officer, I. M. (Signed) Dufferin, Viceroy and Governor General of India.

This agreement was ratified by the Governor General of India in Council at Calcutta on the twentieth February one thousand eight hundred and eighty-five. (Signed) H. M. Durand, Officiating Secretary to the Government of India, Foreign Department Fort William, The 25th February 1885

Zeilac taariikhdeedu maaha mid la qarin karo. Beesha asal ahaan Zeilac leh waa Samaroon, Waa la wada garanyaa oo markay waxani dhacayeen waa shalay. Hase yeeshee waxa Somali dhaqan u noqotay been abuur iyo danaysi. Waxa intaa dheer qabyaalad iyo jaahilnimo. Wixii hore u socon waayay baa la daba socdaa oo dadka da’da yarna loo sheegayaa. Taariikhda Zeilac ee runta ah waa sidan:

1. 1875kii, Khaliif Ismacil Basha oo Masar ah wuxuu Turkiga kala wareegay xeebaha somalida woqooyi ay ka mid ahaayeen: Zeilac, Berbera, Bulaxar. 1883 Masar dhaqaale xumo awgeed waxay go’ansatay inay xeebahaa dawladda Ingiriiska u wareejiso. Khaliif Ismaciil wuxuu ka maarmi waayay inuu arrinta Zeilac kala tashado Ugas Nur Ugas Roble. Markab buu u soo diray Ugaaska, ina adeerkii Elmi Warfa, iyo Suldaano kale oo Qahira arrinkan u tegay.

2. Disambar 11, 1884 . wakiilkii Ugaska Gadabursi, Elmi warfaa iyo Salaadiinta Samaroon heshiiskii taariikhiga ahaa, The Gadabursi Treaty, ay kula saxeedeen Boqortooyada Ingiriiska. Taariikhdaa fog ilaa maanta waa xarun samaaroon.

3. Ragga xoolaha iyo ganacsiga baaxadda wayn ku leh waxay ahayeen; Haji Diide,Haji Kamal, Haji Khayre, Haji Kuul; Haji Boodhle; Haji Roble; Haji Cali Balool; Haji Cabdi; Haji Diini. Raggaasi dhammantood waxay ahaayeen Gadabursi tafiirtoodiina maanta wax badan baa ka nool. Guriga uu degenaa wakiilka Ingiriiska ee waxa ka kireeyay Haji Diide. Lama illowsana Xaji Diide waa ninkii Djiboutida maanta jirtana dhidibadda dhisay. Cali ma sheegayaa hal qof oo magac lahaa mar hore iyo maantaba deggen Zeilac.

4. Dhallanteedku wuxuu bilowday 1959kii, Gobanimdoonkii Somalida Woqooyi. Samaroon wuxuu bilaabay in 33kii kursi si caddaalad ah loo qaybsado. Xisbigii USP ayay odayada Awdal beesha Ciise ku soo dhoweeyeen waxana loogu ballan qaaday 2 kursi oo ka mid ah 5tii kursi ee Awdal. reer Awdal iyagaa u gartay una gooyay reerka Ciise labadaa kursi oo Zeilac loo daayay.

5. Labada kursi weligood intii dawlad Somaliyeed jirtay looma codayn jirin laba sababood awgeed: 1. waa la ogaa inaan ciise cod bixin ku soo baxayn. 2. Dadka ciise ayaa midnimada somaliyeed lagu soo dhawaynayay. Ninka la yidhaa cumar cismaan weligiiba sidaas cod la’aanta ah buu barlaamanka ku iman jiray iyo kolba ninkii kale ee ciise soo dirto.

6. Sooryayntii iyo soo dhowayntii samaroon waxay keentay inuu Ciise sheegto dhul aanu weligiina degin. Maantana Siilaanyo oon dhul iyo dad midna garanayn bay hoos ordayaan, beenna u sheegayaan.

7. 2003 Geeridii libaaxa,Mohamed Haji Ibrahim Egal, Alla ha u naxariistee waxay albaab u furtay Ismaciil Cumar Ghelle oo bilaabay inuu iibsado Dahir Rayale. Dahir wuxuu Mayor iyo Badhasaab jeebkiisa ka sameeyay zeilac.

Ismaciil Cumar Ghelle iyo odayada Ciise ma illowsana taariikhda ah, inuu duhur cad baa Fransiis waddanka Jabuti xoog kaga qaaday samaroon oo iska lahaa, Ciisana gacanta ka geliyay. Waa aqli darro inay maanta Ciise hadlaan Zeilac kuwii garanaya runtu waxay tahay. Haddaba aqli ma gashaa in dawladdan yar ee Jabuti ee shalay samaroon laga boobay la isticmaalo oo dhulkoodii kalena loo soo fadhiisto? Taasi waa dhalanteed ee ha ku daalin…!!!!!!

Ninkan suxufiga sheegtay hadana beenta soo qoray wuxu sheegay inuu soo dheegtay taariikho hore oo jiray kuwo beena oo uu isagu sameeyayna wuu ku dhex darsaday si dadku run ugu qaato.

Wuxu gabi ahaanba ka booday taariikho badan oo ay saylac lahayd. Sida ugaasyadii Samaroon ee Saylac lagu boqri jirey, Khilaafkii Xukunkii Masaarida iyo Gadabursiga Saylac ku dhexmaray ee sababay in Berbera magaalowdo Saylacna laga guuro. Wuxu iska indho-tiray dadkii Saylac magaca ku lahaa, wuxu dafiray beesha Samaroon ee asalka u lahayd Saylac. Qoraalkisuna waa mid runta ka madhan oo beentu ila-xidh u tahay, beel aan saylac taariikh ku lahayna uu xayaysiis ugu samaynayo, beeshii taariikhda ku lahaydna uu hoosta dhigayo. Markaa Ninkan Coomay la yiraa waxan odhan lahaa taariikhdu mid sida mijinaha qaadka ah ee aad cuntay u qalasha maaha ee qalinka xaal sii.

Wuxu gabi ahaanba iska indho tiray heshiiskii Gadabuursi la galay Ingiriiska ee uu waliba badda dhexdeeda kula galay, haraggana kaga saxeexay. Halkii uu qalinkiisa runta kaga sheegi lahaa ee uu odhan lahaa odayadii ingiriiska heshiiska saylac kula galay waxay ahaayeen samaroon wuxu ku bedelay Ciise. Anigu markii aan akhriyayay waxan u qaatay inay khalad madbaciyan tahay oo waxan is iri gadaalbuu ka bedeli doonaa marka uu dib u akhriyo amaba loo sheego, laakiin imika waxa muuqata inuu ugu talo-galay.

Jaahilnimada iyo indho-adeygu waa cudur, malaha wuxu u qaatay inuu qoraalkiisan yar ee uu soo xar-xariiqay ku bedeli karayo taariikh boqol sano ka hor la qoray oo Libiry-yada dunida ugu caansan taalla. “The Gadabursi Treaty”. Anagu waan haynaa Ugaaskii Iyo magacda odayadii Samaroon ee Ingiriiska Saylac kula galay heshiiska ee bal isagu ha keeno kuwa ciise ee uu sheegayo, buugta uu leeyahay waxbaan kasoo xigtay waxa ku yaal heshiiskii Gadbuursigu la galay ingiriiska Ee muxuu u sheegi waayay hadduu run sheegayo.

Hadalkisa oo been u badan marka laga reebo taariikho uu bowsaday kadibna siduu jeclaa u adeegsaday wuxu kusoo gabo-gabeeyay imika saylac waxa wada dega Samaroon, Ciise iyo Isaaq. Tanina waxay ka mid tahay uun beenta maqaalkisa ka buuxda. Haa, asal ahaan waxa Saylac degi jire Samaroon, balse imika Samaroon iyo Ciise inuu degmada saylac wada deganyahay cid loo sheegayi ma jirto,oo taariikhda ciise ee saylac waa konton sano, waana markii Samaroonka ay qaaday laydhii gobanimodoonka ee somali jaceylku ee uu samaroonku shantii kursi labo ka mid ah ciisaha siiyay ee yidhi abti Ciisoow faransiis iyo xabashibaa ku kala goostaye soo dhawoow oo saylac baan kuu dayn oo kugula tartami maayee labadaa xubnood kasoo saar, taariikhda Ciisaha aad leedahay Saylac bay lahaayeen mid jirta maaha, kontonkii sano ee u dambeeyay inay maamulaanna taasaa keentay. laakiin waxa aad sheegtay in degmada Saylac Isaaq dego !!! Malaha waxad isku khaldaysaa Saylac iyo xaafadaha Hargeysa.

Waxa aad sheegayso oo dhami inuu beenyahay taasaa ka markhaati kacaysa, malaha qoraalkaagaba inta aad uga jeeday waxay ahayd uun inaad tiraa degmada Saylac isaaqbaa dega. Isaaq degmada Saylac dega anagu ma ogin, shaahid iska daaye sheekana kuma maqal, hadii aanad Isaaqa uga jeedin ciidanka Somaliland ee Saylac jooga.

Osman Elmi elmi1949@hotmail.ca


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